There are many types of stitches on the sewing machine. A stitch is a single thread that has been interlocked with another thread in order to form a seam or used for decorative purposes.
Types Of Stitching
The main types of stitches are: Basic Stitches, Decorative Stitches, Straight Stitches, Blind Hem Stitches, Stretch/ Elastic Cords and Satin/ Lace Stitches.
Basic stitches include the most common utility stitching types which include zigzag, straight stitch and even feed stitch. Utility stitching can be useful for attaching two pieces of fabric together by using a plain stitches or satin stitches for decoration. Decorative stitches are used purely for decoration.
They may use one or more threads depending on the design. Straight stitches are used to secure two pieces of fabric together, while zigzag stitches are used for decorative purposes on the edges of fabrics.
They may be narrow or wider depending on your needs. Even feed stitch is a type of stitch which ensures even stitching over a wide area and prevents thread from tangling.
Blind Hem Stitches
A blind hem stitch is a basic version of an invisible hemming stitch that produces very fine straight stitches with slanted tops to resemble machine-made lock stitches. The key difference between the two is that in this case, no actual backstitch occurs because the tension settings cannot easily go low enough.
This type of stitch allows you to sew around corners without chipping or tearing the fabric.
A lace stitch is a combination of straight stitches and zigzags which are required after each other in order to produce any kind of lace pattern. Depending on the type of fabric you are using, different types of stitches may be required.
Buttonhole stitches are used on buttonholes. A specific type of stitch is required for different types of fabrics, buttons and threads in order to ensure the best results.
A ladder stitch is a decorative seam that resembles the rungs of a ladder. Ladder stitches are used to join two pieces of fabric together or to close open seams on clothing without using fasteners such as buttons or zippers. In order to finish the edges of your garments, you can use a binding made from ribbons and fabrics stitched together to conceal the seam allowance.
Stretch Stitches/ Elastic Cords
Exclusive fabric brands have varieties of corded elastic which are generally made up of polyester threads that cross each other to form a strong durable yarn. The resulting cords are easy to work with because they are soft and flexible in nature.
Stretch stitches are used when you want the fabric band to stretch or contract according to your requirements. You can use it in making necklines so that the garment fits perfectly in all kinds of weather.
Stretch/ Elastic Cords
These are used for stretch fabrics that have high-elasticity . It looks like plain stitching but holds items together tighter because it has elastic material. This provides support while allowing for some stretchability at the same time.
Satin stitches are small stitches that are usually sewn close together to create delicate type effects in home decorating or clothing design. These stitches can include various colours in one area depending on your requirements.
There are many different types of stitches used in sewing. The more you know about them, the easier it is to select the right type of stitch for your project. Keep experimenting until you find one that suits your taste and needs.
This article was written by me after reading some articles on internet regarding various types of stitches available on Sewing machines . Hope this article will help you in understanding the various types of stitches available on a sewing machine. I have added links to useful videos that would give an idea about each stitch type mentioned above.
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